Edgar Poe was born in Boston, January 19th, 1809. His mother died after father abandoned the family. Young Poe became an orphan and was fostered by John and Frances Allen. So, he changed his name to Edgar Allen Poe to show the relationship with his foster father.
Poe lived in England from 1815-1820. He attended the University of Virginia for one semester. Then he attended to West Point and been discharged latter on purpose. After he left West Point, he went to New York and published his first collection of poems, Tamerlane and Other Poems in 1827.
After that, he focused on literary criticism and became famous. The Fall of the House of Usher was first published in 1839. In 1843, he published The Black Cat. In 1846, The Cask of Amontillado. Poe was known as the father of short story because he was the first person who gave short story a specific definition.
In 1841, The Murders in the Rue Morgue was published. It was referred as the first detective story, so Poe was also referred as the father of detective story.
In 1835, he married his 13-year-old cousin Virginia Clemm. His young wife died because of tuberculosis in 1847. After the death of his wife, Poe began to drink and use drug. Soon, he became insane and died on October 7th 1849. Before he died, he wrote the beautiful poem Annabel Lee which is believed to mourn for his wife. It was published on October 9th 1849, two days after Poe’s death.
Poe was regarded as one of the greatest and the most disputed writers in America. His work focused on the dark side of humanity and death was his favorite theme. His whole life was a tragedy