The word “Queer”, according to David Richter, “forces straight people using or hearing the term to confront their own feelings about homosexuals and heterosexuals”. (pp. 1431)
Queer functions in two ways: the first way is that queers take over the site of queer and change and repeat its meanings by inverse, multiply, hybridize its connotations. Queer always presents itself as the other of the Normal, which is to say, Queer acquiesces the mechanism of gender dichotomy. Helen Cixous in her “The Laugh of the Medusa” takes over women’s body, which was the prison of women before, and changes the body into a site of communication for, of and within women. Others like Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick attempts to utilize the power of canon to recognize and publicize homosexual literature.
Other queer theorists try to break the gender dichotomy. For them, using queer to rebel against the social norm will strengthen the social norm, rather than weaken it, since the rebellion recognizes the legitimacy of the norm. Judith Butler, one of the pioneer theorists, disclaims the concept of gender through refuting the origin/copy dichotomy and revealing the dynamics of excess in gender construction. While Butler troubles gender in general, G. Spivak associates the freedom of women in the white world with the sacrifice of colonies even if the women are of hybridity, with emphasis on literature being imperialist.