I visited ānshān on 1983 September 16. I paused here, while traveling from Shenyang to Dàlián, to visit the city's public transport systems. I departed that night (by train) for Dalian.
In 1983, ānshān had one of the four remaining electric town tramways in China (Hong Kong was then under British administration).
ānshān also had a two-line trolleybus system. This was opened in 1975.
Tramcars and trolleybuses were operated by 鞍山市电车公司, ānshān shì Diànchē Gōngsī. (This title might be translated as either "Anshan City Electric Traction Company," or, as elsewhere in China, "Anshan City Trolleybus Company.")
This undertaking, and the tramway, were also known by the short title 鞍电, āndiàn, at 1983.
At 1983, 鞍山钢铁公司, ānshān Gāngti? Gōngsī, "Anshan Iron and Steel Company," was the largest producer of steel in China. This enterprise was also known by its abbreviated title, 鞍钢, āngāng.
āngāng operated a railway extending eastward to serve iron mines. This line was known as 鞍钢环市铁路, āngāng Huánshì Ti?lù (roughly "Angang City Belt [or: City Circle] Railway"). This line was electrified, and carried passengers as well as goods. The main station, just west of ānshān station, was named 新华, Xīnhuá.
āngāng also operated a railway line extending northwest from central ānshān that was not electrified. This line also carried passengers as well as goods. The Anshan terminal, about 0.5 km northwest of ānshān station, was named 南门, Nánmén. Passenger service, worked by diesel traction, operated between here and 刘二卜, Liúèrbǔ.
The tramway was built by āngāng to transport workers between the steelworks and new housing, built 1952-1954 at 太平村, Tàipíngcūn (northeast of central ānshān) and 长甸卜, Chángdiànbǔ (south of central ānshān). Workers had to walk 5-12 km to their jobs. To solve this problem, āngāng began building a tramway early in 1955.
The ānshān tramway was financed and built by āngāng, with technical assistance from the Dàlián tramway operator. The first segment was opened on 1956 January 15. This extended from 太平村, Tàipíngcūn, to the large square at 二一九路, Eryīji? lù, in 建国东路, Jiànguó dōnglù, and 胜利路, Shènglì lù.
In 1957, the segment in 胜利路, Shènglì lù was relocated to 建国北路, Jiànguó b?ilù. The line was completed to 长甸卜, Chángdiànbǔ, by the end of 1957.
(My notes show that the south terminal was named 长甸卜, Chángdiànbǔ. Photos dating to 1998 show that the south terminal was named 长甸铺, Chángdiànpū.)
āngāng handed the tramway to the municipal authority in 1964. At that time, the line extended 12.8 km, with 21 stops, and was worked by a fleet of 62 tramcars.
At 1983, the tramway was numbered Line 1 (this appeared on signs, but not on tramcars). This was changed to Line 501 by 1998.
The fare was Y0.05 at 1983.
The trolleybus system was closed on 2000 July 1. The tramway was closed on 2003 April 26.
A web page in Japanese has photos of the ānshān tramway at 1998 April. Note how dramatically the city had changed from 1983!