1）辅音+辅音连读 consonant-consonant junction
辅音间连读比较难的主要是p, b, t, d, k and g之间的连读，爆破音的连读相对也比较容易，针对尾音的p, b, t, d, k and g只需要做出发音口型，但是不要让气流出来发声，然后迅速的发出下一个单词的声音即可，这样两个单词间不会出现明显的停顿，语流更加流畅，请看练习
top portion, slip back, ripe tomato, keep driving, cheap chair,
stop joking, cheap cover, stop going, step forward, grip very,
keep thinking, develop the, keep saying, deep zone, top
shape, type here, soap might, wipe neatly, stop laughing,
stop reminding, keep your, steep wall.
superb performance, mob became, subscribe to, job during,
mob chased, rub just, rub carefully, superb game, job for,
absorb very, disturb things, bribe them, rub some, job
should, absorb half, glib manner, grab now, globe-like, job
racket, grab your, club welcomed.
quiet please, get back, not tired, great danger, what changes,
that joke, hot cake, smart girl, it follows, that vegetable,
cat thought, fit the, late sales, not zero, great show, it
happened, that may, what next, got letters, not right, eight
years, what word.
• bad pen, red book, pretended to, noted down, splendid
chance, good judge, hard cover, made good, bad fellow,
started very, include things, concluded that, beside some,
solid shape, bad habits, scolded me, good news, sad look,
guard remained, started yielding, bad wood.
check properly, look better, like to, back door, look cheerful,
make gestures, black curtain, black gate, black figure, shake
violently, stock things, pick the, look surprised, book shop,
look here, make money, strike nicely, knock lightly, cook
returned, look your, stock worth.
big people, dog barked, big table, big dog, big changes, frog
jumped, dig carefully, big gang, bag fell, dog vomited, big
things, plug the, drag something, big zoo, big shop, dig
here, drug might, big note, dog licked, big report, big yield,
b: 两个以上辅音相邻造成的连读，如left side
一般情况下，动词的过去式往往会出现三个辅音相邻的情况，如talked尾音就是k和t两个辅音，出现这种情况是，只需要把尾音t彻底省略掉，然后根据辅音+辅音发音规则来处理即可，也就是说talked to的发音，跟talk to是一模一样的，left side的发音，跟lef side也是一模一样的
1, ed出现在p, ch, k, f, s和sh之后，发音为[t]而不是[d]或者[id]
hoped = hopt 而不是‘hopd’.
hoped for = hopt for = hop’for
stopped = stopt, and not ‘stopd’.
stopped thinking = stopt thinking = stop’thinking
coached = coacht.
coached those = coacht those = coach’those
marched = marcht
marched past = marcht past = march’past
walked = walkt
walked through = walkt through = walk’through
talked = talkt.
talked with = talkt with = talk’ with
coughed = cought.
coughed violently = cought violently = cough’violently
stuffed = stuft.
stuffed my = stuft my = stuf’my
addressed = addrest.
addressed the = addrest the = addres’the
blessed = blest.
blessed their = blest their = bles’their
pushed = pusht
pushed both = pusht both = push’both
dashed = dasht
dashed hopes = dasht hopes = dash’hopes
2, ‘ed’出现在b, j, g, th和z之后，’ed’发音为’d’—而不是’t’或者’id’或‘əd’
robbed = robbd, and not ‘robt’ or ‘robed’ or ‘robəd’.
robbed many = rob’ many
begged = beggd, and not ‘begt’ or ‘beged’ or ‘begəd’.
begged for = beg’ for
enlarged the = enlarge’ the
smoothed back (the…) = smooth’ back (the… )
seized control = seize’ control.
raided = raidid.
guarded = guardid.
succeeded =succeedid. S
urrounded = surroundid.
waited = waitid.
permitted = permittid.
shifted = shiftid.
wanted = wantid.
corrupt person, accept before, escaped to, accept defeat,
adopt children, corrupt judge, (this) concept came, accept
gifts, hoped for, gripped very, stopped thinking, interrupt
them, accept some, manuscript should, stopped hurting,
accept my, adopt new, shaped like, accept responsibility,
typed your, manuscript was.
robbed people, rubbed both, bribed children, grabbed just,
bribed them, rubbed some, robbed shops, absorbed half,
grabbed my, absorbed nothing, bribed lots of, bribed
regularly, disturbed you, absorbed water.
Coached people, marched back, clutched tightly, reached
down, coached children, scratched just, searched carefully,
marched towards, (the) attached form, sketched very,
touched things, snatched those, attached some, approached
shop-keepers, reached home, fetched more, touched near,
reached last, approached rather, watched your, reached where.
discouraged people, dodged behind, managed to, massaged
daily, encouraged changes, acknowledged just, bandaged
carefully, engaged good, charged four, managed very,
mortgaged things, judged them, obliged some, encouraged
shop-keepers, urged hundreds, pledged my, discouraged
neither, forged letter, aged relatives, acknowledged your,
perfect picture, perfect balance, liked to, act decisively,
distinct changes, perfect justice, direct contact, select good
(ones), worked for, walked very, chalked things (out),
protect the, reject some, picked short (ones), looked hurt,
direct method, looked new, collect lots, incorrect report,
select your, contract was.
clogged pipes, lagged behind, bragged to, bogged down,
begged for, rigged the, drugged some, dragged half,
plugged more, hugged none, begged repeatedly, shrugged
your, sagged with.
gift packet, makeshift barricades, craft teacher, swift decision,
soft cheese, left just, coughed continuously, lift got, left for,
scoffed very, left things, stuffed the, handicraft seminar, first
show, left hand, deft movements, (the) lift near, draft letter,
sniffed round, lift your, theft was.
believed people, behaved badly, arrived today, moved daily,
loved children, moved just, revolved continuously, received
gifts, believed firmly, observed very, improved things,
solved the, saved some, curved sharply, loved hunting,
saved money, achieved nothing, lived long, arrived late,
loved rabbits, received your, moved with.
breathed down, smoothed both, soothed their, smoothed your,
last person, fast bus, almost totally, eldest daughter, most
changes, first job, best coach, last game, must follow, last
visitor, expressed thanks, blessed the, replaced something,
biggest zoo, best show, practised hard, cheapest metal, cost
nearly, modest lady, lowest rent, against you, east wind.
11， 尾音为zd（‘abuse’, ‘use’, ‘advise’, ‘close’,
‘please’, ‘praise’, ‘cause’, ‘amuse’, ‘disclose’, ‘excuse’,
‘advertise’, ‘rouse’ and ‘realize’中s发‘z’, 而不是‘s’)
abused people, used bad (words), used to, closed-door,
amused children, praised just, caused confusion, praised
God, apologized for, amazed very, caused things, amused themselves, caused several, advised shopkeepers, disclosed
half, excused my, caused nearly, pleased lots, advertised
regularly, roused you, realized what.
finished painting, pushed back, clashed together, published
daily, punished cheats, finished just, punished corrupt
(officials), distinguished guests, dashed for, distinguished
visitor, pushed thick, cashed the, accomplished something,
finished shaving, finished half, astonished me, published
new, finished late, furnished room, brushed your, polished
seemed peculiar, seemed better, seemed to, calmed down,
seemed cheerful, named just, assumed correctly, seemed
good, seemed familiar, presumed very, assumed things,
informed them, performed so, seemed shaky, seemed hurt,
harmed more, named nobody, confirmed later, seemed
rigid, welcomed you, performed well.
want people, violent behaviour, silent till, paint did,
recent changes, decent judge, joint committee, present
government, excellent form, represent villages, important
things, represent those, faint sounds, student showed, faint
hope, excellent meal, innocent nature, decent language,
instant relief, want your, constant worry.
entertained people, complained bitterly, round table,
contained dozens, sound changed, joined just, depend
completely, found guilty, stand for, questioned very, round
things, mind their, behind some, turned sharply, explained
how, lend me, and now, contained lots, joined recently,
examined your, spend whatever.
hanged poor, wronged by, belonged to, clanged during,
hanged children, harangued just, hanged girls, longed for,
longed very, wronged them, banged something, hanged
Flow -prod uction Techniq ues 57
short, wronged half (of), banged my, wronged nobody,
hanged last (week).
bold person, sailed back, pulled towards, howled down,
grilled chicken, wild justice, mailed coupons, told good
(stories), called for, spoiled very, controlled things, sold the,
appealed separately, recoiled sharply, bald head, fooled me,
told nothing, soiled letter, detailed report, hold your, boiled
occult powers, fault became, built to, bolt does, result
cheered, belt just, guilt cannot, smelt good, inbuilt feeling,
smelt very, melt things, insult them, result seemed, result
showed, halt here, consult my, result never, smelt like,
consult regularly, jolt you, dealt with.
第二类：辅音+元音连读 Consonant-vowel junctions
stop each, develop it, keep every, stop adding, cheap artist,
group obviously, shop always, type other, keep earning,
keep another, dip eight, tape over, hope either, keep out,
stop oil-production, sharp ears.
job easily, rub it, bribe every, superb acting, job afterwards,
mob obviously, absorb all, disturb others, mob urged, mob
opposed, mob aimed, disturb old, disturb either, grab our.
cut even, but it, what else, get active, went after, what
obstacles, meet all, get up, must earn, wait until, that
age, not only, next item, left out, import oil, right ear, that
directed each, confide in, behind every, road accident, and
Flow -prod uction Techniq ues 59
artists, good offer, extend all, seemed upset, friend earned,
and another, good aim, friend opened, good idea, road
outside, found oil-cans.
attach each, watch it, teach any, rich actor, rich artist, such
opportunities, teach all, teach others, much early, much
about, such able, teach old, which items, watch our, much
oil, which airport.
acknowledge each, change it, change any, encourage
actors, engage artists, huge objects, large organization,
discouraged us, large earnings, judge agreed, engage eight,
change old, change either, charge our, talk easily, walk
inside, ask any, work actively, work after, clerk offered,
make all, make others, speak earnestly, spoke across, back
ached, spoke openly, took ideas, like our.
drag each, drag it, drag any, big ambassador, dig after, big
opportunity, dog always, dug under, beg earnestly, dig
across, big aims, hug old, big ideas, dug out.
laugh easily, chief interest, if enemies, enough activities, safe
answer, chief officer, wife always, if others, wife earns, wife
agreed, if age, wife opened, enough ideas, if our, if oil.
above each, above it, have any, brave act, shave after, have
objections, move all, receive others, leave early, save about,
have eight, have old, live idly, believe our.
tooth each, cloth in, bath every, both acted, both answers,
cloth on, mouth always, Smith understood, youth urged,
worth another, Smith aimed, both old, both our.
with each, with immediate, with any, with actors, with
obvious, with all, with others, with appreciation, with agedpeople,
with only, with our.
since each, pass it, thus every, bus accident, curious answer,
thus obviously, thus all, convince others, nurse earns, false
alarm, thus age, boss owned, false ideas, replace our.
use each, because it, his enemies, those accidents, please answer, as on, always ordered, accuse others, his earnings,because another, always able, his own, wise idea, praise our.
NOTE: The ‘s’ in ‘use’, ‘because’, ‘his’, ‘those’, ‘please’, ‘as’,
‘always’, ‘accuse’, ‘wise’ and ‘praise’ sounds ‘z’, and not ‘s’.
finish each, brush it, finish any, finish answering, furnish
opportunities, wash all, finish other, finish another, selfish
aims, brush only, foolish ideas, wash our.
room each, came in, welcome every, same actor, same answer,
come on, name always, from up, home urgently, telegram
omitted, same age, came over, some ideas, came out.
men eat, burn it, on any, an accident, one after, certain offices,
certain organizations, eleven others, own earnings, cousin
accepted, chin ached, an old, and item, men outside.
during each, bring it, sing any, young actor, wrong answer,
king obviously, among all, among others, during early, king
obeyed, young age, living only, wrong ideas, among our.
compel each, all in, tell any, will act, will ask, fell on, control
all, will understand, total earnings, will again, actual age,
little over, until ideas, fell outside.
four each, better image, assure everyone, better actor, better
ask, better operated, picture always, father understood,
doctor urged, far away, never able, door opened, four items,